When in Corinth, don't forget to visit the Canal of Corinth, Ancient Corinth and the Acrocorintos castle, as well as the Hereo de Perachora.
Kalavryta is a small town in the Peloponnese, built on the slope of Mount Helmos at 735m. The city of Kalavryta is known for its history and the natural beauty of its surroundings.
For the Greeks, Kalavryta is a symbolic city of freedom because from Kalavrita and the Monastery of Agia Lavra, the Bishop Germanos of Patra declared in 1821 the War of Independence against the Turkish domination with the motto «Freedom or Death.»
In Kalavryta took place the most serious massacre of the Nazi war was committed in Greece. On December 13, 1943, German troops, as revenge for the death of 80 German soldiers, separated all men over the age of 14. All women, the elderly, and the children were captured and held in the city school.
The men were taken on Kapi Hill just outside the city. The Germans burned the village after looting. From the hill the men could see their houses burning. Suddenly, a green flash shot up into the sky, signaling the Germans to take positions and the gunners opened fire. The massacre lasted 2 hours and killed 696 men, only 13 survived covered by fallen bodies.
The school where women and children were trapped was burned down. An Austrian soldier in charge of guarding them felt pity for them and opened the door to save them. His act cost him his life, he was executed for disobedience.
Winter in Kalavryta
The most prominent ski resort in the Peloponnese is the Kalavryta ski resort, which is located on Mount Helmos at an altitude of 2,340 m in the midst of an incredible alpine environment. Many skiers visit Kalavrita during the ski season due to its proximity to Athens and its first-rate services.
Kalavryta ski resort is the second largest ski resort in Greece and has 12 20-kilometre long ski slopes (2 challenging, 2 intermediate, 6 simple and 2 very easy). During the ski season, you can practice snowboarding and other extreme activities. Visitors to Mount Helmos can spend their time relaxing in a variety of cafes, restaurants, and pubs.
The Monastery of Agia Lavra was built in the year 961 and came to have up to 1000 monks. It was burned by the Turks in 1585, 1600 and 1826. It was rebuilt in 1828 and in 1943 the Germans have again burned it. After World War II it has been rebuilt in the way we find it today. In the Monastery you can see very important relics and historical treasures.
The Monastery of Mega Spileo is 10km from the city of Kalavrita. It was founded in 362 AC. It is built in the opening of a natural cave on a cliff of 120 meters high perfectly harmonized with the wild landscape that surrounds it. In the Monastery are kept national and religious relics of great value although most of its library was destroyed by the Germans in 1943. The most important relic is the icon of the Virgin, work of the apostle Luke made of wax and masticha. It represents the Virgin sitting with her head slightly tilted to the right where she has Jesus in her arms. The Monastery of Mega Spileo can be visited by car or on foot from the train station in the village of Zachlorou.
The Odontotos rack railway, starts from the seaside town of Diakopto to the northeast of Peloponnese and ends in the city of Kalavryta at 730m altitude. During the 60 minutes of the route (22km) it crosses the Vouraikos canyon. Its speed is between 12km and 40km per hour.
At the beginning of the trip, the route is straight until you reach 5 km from Diakopto, from there until Zachlorou the road is totally impressive, the road changes from side to side when passing through the canyon continuously. The train passes through a tunnel in a curve and when it leaves it grabs to a narrow protrusion that seems to be suspended over the river. The road follows a leafy canopy of fields and finally arrives in Kalavrita. The Kalavryta train was built between 1889 and 1896. Since then the trains have run uninterrupted 365 days a year without any incident. It was designed by French engineers and hired Italian workers with experience in the construction of railways in the Alps. To climb the slopes the train uses the system of the rack since the slopes are superior to 3.5% of inclination. During the rest of the trip, it moves as regular trains do.
The Cave of Lakes (Spileo ton Limnon) is located near the village of Kastria 17km from Kalavryta. The cave is an old subterranean river of three levels. During the winter, when the snow melts, it becomes a flowing river with waterfalls. During the summer, it dries up and the 13 lakes appear. In the lower level of the cave fossilized human bones and various animals were found, including a hippopotamus.
For the Greeks Kalavryta is a city symbol of freedom; an ideal destination for nature lovers throughout the year and an impressive ski resort.
As in a fairy tale, Messenia is a region of contrasts; the bay of Voidokilia, the castle of Koroni, Pylos and the impressive Polilimnio.
Home to one of the most important civilizations of antiquity, Mycenae is the treasure trove of Argolis in Peloponnese.
Also called "Gibraltar of the East", Monemvasia reveals a medieval mystery. A unique destination in Peloponnese that will leave you speechless.
Nafplion, in Peloponnese, a few hours from Athens, is considered one of the most beautiful cities in Greece.
Olympia , the most famous sanctuary in ancient Greece dedicated to Zeus and the birthplace of the most important athletics event of all time, the Olympic Games.
The Peninsula of Mani
Let yourself be carried away by the wild beauty of the rocks by the sea, discover Mani and its most revealing spots!
Theater of Epidaurus
The Theatre of Epidaurus, the best preserved with the best acoustics of all the ancient theatres, is one of the best monuments in Peloponnese.